Aristocracy in the Regency

Who were the aristocracy?

We hear a lot about Dukes, Earls, Viscounts etc in Regency Romances and even in the classics don’t we? This prolific use of aristocrats within the Regency genre can lead to a romanticised view of the aristocracy. With so many books crammed full of Dukes, Earls and Marquesses it’s easy to think they were all over the place back then.

Duke of Clarence - Aristocracy in the Regency - Philippa Jane Keyworth - Regency Romance Author
Duke of Clarence

Just as a fun little game, let me ask you, how many Dukes do you know right now this instant? (If you know one, then, seeing as we’re best friends and all that, do go ahead and introduce me the next time I’m around 😉 ) But being serious – how many members of the aristocracy do you mingle with on a daily basis?

If you are anything like me, that number will be approximately zero. I guess modern day has a lot in common with the Regency in that respect because if truth be told be told, the aristocrats did not make up most of Society, not even a large margin.

To fully understand the aristocracy, you have to go back to the beginning, right to when the aristocracy was first starting to be formed in England in the seventh century. It had already been created in some form by the ancient Greeks and Romans but it was not until the Germanic peoples invaded Britain that the idea of aristocracy too invaded our shores (though then it wasn’t called that of course).

Feudalism - Aristocracy in the Regency - Philippa Jane Keyworth - Regency Romance Author
Feudalism began the structure which would lead on to the Aristocracy – Photo by Philip Halling

The Saxons brought, along with their physical presence, their structure of life. Fading were the days of the farmer colonists and here were the Kings who would claim a divine right to rule. These Kings rose up and with them came their supporters who gradually created a new society based on feudalism (the practice of men owning large amounts of land with serfs to farm for them). Yes, an aristocracy was forming and that tier of society owed all it had to the King.

Where did the titles come from? They came from uprisings and wars after the Norman invasion. How could a King reward his subjects when they fought loyally for him against usurpers and other foreign invaders? Does a title and land sound about right? Land equalled money and a title lended power and certain rights to its holder.

William the Conquerer - Aristocracy in the Regency - Philippa Jane Keyworth - Regency Romance Writer
William the Conquerer sculpture at Canterbury Cathedral

So, fast forward just under 800 years and who were the aristocrats of the Regency? They were those who had been born into their titles and wealth. True, George was still handing out titles as Sir Arthur Wellesley’s elevation to the Duke of Wellington shows, however, the majority of the aristocracy had inherited their titles. With this in mind, it makes you realise that the aristocracy was not exactly going to have a growth spurt any time soon. The aristocracy would be kept to the few and the middle-class and lower classes to the many.

If you want to put a number on it, which I always like doing, there were 200 or so families with their heads holding an aristocratic title in the Regency. That’s 200 within millions.


It really makes you start to think about the use of aristocrats in novels (I’m talking about our beloved fictional ones).

Titles were avidly fought over in the marital mart because there simply weren’t enough to go around to everyone who wanted to gain one. Even more important was the fact that not all aristocrats during the Prince’s Regency were single, rich and between 25-30. Neither were they all rakes looking to be reformed.

Earl of Pembroke - Aristocracy in the Regency - Philippa Jane Keyworth - Regency Romance Author
George Herbert 11th Earl of Pembroke (1756-1827)

Although I love a story about a lovely, normal woman marrying a handsome and rich aristocrat I also like some realism in what I read or write. It makes me think about how I use aristocrats in my novels.

Do I really want to be writing today’s equivalent of, ‘Millionaire playboy falls in love with good-natured, normal woman.’ ?

Well, no because I don’t really write contemporary fiction, but it’s a very difficult decision to give up my aristocratic heros for the likes of a mere, ‘Mr’. Then again, was not Mr. Darcy just that? He was wealthy, handsome and powerful though he bore no title and I expect their were many like him.

This is all worth pondering over as I consider new story lines and something for the discerning reader to consider when they have dark and broody Dukes, Earls, Viscounts and Barons coming out their ears!

This aristocracy lark is definitely something I want to research more so bear with me while I learn 🙂

Published by Philippa Jane Keyworth

Philippa Jane Keyworth, known to her friends as Pip, has been writing since she was twelve in every notebook she could find. Originally trained as a horse-riding instructor, Philippa went on to become a copywriter before beginning a degree in History. A born again Christian, Philippa lives in the south of England with her handsome husband. Philippa has always written stories and believes that, since it is one of her loves and passions, she always will. In her early writing career, she dabbled in a variety of genres, but it was the encouragement of a friend to watch a film adaptation of Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice that began her love affair with the British Regency. Since then, she has watched every Regency film and TV series she could get her hands on and become well acquainted with Georgette Heyer's novels which gave her the inspiration to write her own. Both as a reader and a writer, Philippa believes it is important to escape into a world you yourself would want to live in. This is why she writes stories that will draw you into the characters' joys and heartaches in a world apart from our own. Her debut novel, The Widow's Redeemer (Madison Street Publishing, 2012), is a traditional Regency romance bringing to life the romance between a young widow with an indomitable spirit and a wealthy viscount with an unsavory reputation. The novel has been received well by readers and reviewers who have praised the heartfelt story and admirable characters. Her second novel, The Unexpected Earl (Madison Street Publishing, 2014), explores another romance in the Regency era when an impetuous young woman has her life turned upside down by the reappearance of the earl who jilted her six years ago. So, what are you waiting for? Get swept away into another time with characters you will learn to love, and experience the British Regency like never before.

14 thoughts on “Aristocracy in the Regency

  1. Yes, but then… the class structure makes for a great story. As a reader, I enjoy stepping into the ballrooms and mansions. Given a larger country of England with more dukes, or if time froze while many more such stories could have been, there is plenty of room for stories. 😉 Many of them “could have been.”

    I think the biggest stretch of imagination comes in with reforming rakes. Forget it. The majority of womanizers will never be reformed. Not then, not now. It is who they are.

    1. Oh, I agree Debra – I believe I shall not be able to loose myself from my aristocratic tendencies very easily!

      As for the reforming rake part, I always wonder whether that is a feasible storyline or not…then again I do quite like a slightly scandalous man because they make for better reading!

      PJK x

  2. Debra – don’t worry about reforming rakes – we need them, to populate the imaginary English countryside with more half-bred aristos for stories.

    1. Haha! Half-bred aristos – sounds delightfully romantic. I’m thinking of having an illegitimate hero in my next novel….

    1. That’s an interesting comment Maggi. What I would like to know is whether you think that could happen in real life – A woman changing the character of a man? (for the better!) PJK x

      Loving the comments guys!

      1. I can’t remember where I read the adage that women marry a man thinking he will change after marriage, and a man marries thinking that the woman won’t change.

      1. And men need to know that she’s going to turn into her mother. Can’t help it, it’s inevitable. (For the record, I’m female, and I’m joking. My sister-in-law is very different from her mother.)

  3. I’ve recently finished reading a male/male Regency romance where virtually every man in it, [apart from a pert stable boy or two and the languishing middle-class love interest] were Dukes of this that or the other. I wondered if that’s the only title the writer knew.

    Actually, thinking about it, I regularly meet a Marquess and a Lady and occasionally see an Earl about the place. Nice enough folks but not the stuff of romance. 🙂

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